[root tip] [How To] Dual boot Manjaro and Windows

Difficulty: ★★☆☆☆

Dual boot - Step by Step


  • Target systems
  • Firmware
    • Checklist
  • Windows preparation
  • Manjaro installation
  • Revisions

Target systems UEFI


Computers with preinstalled Windows (Windows 10) is computers using UEFI firmware. This guide is a generic guide targeted at UEFI installations.

However some of the guide does apply even if you are using a BIOS/MBR setup.

If you are using a BIOS/MBR (DOS) partition schema watch out for this :warning: Skip if using BIOS/MBR

To ensure a successful dual-boot installation using Windows and Manjaro there are a few steps to be taken.

Installation type

:no_entry: DO NOT mix UEFI with MBR partition scheme.

Always check your Windows root filesystem using fdisk on the live ISO. If the output contains Disklabel type: dos :warning: do not install as EFI.

Windows may be installed in different ways which can affect the system various ways. The first clue you get using the fdisk command from the live ISO.

Windows 7 only supported DOS MBR partitions schema even the system did support EFI. Manjaro supports both GPT and DOS partitioning and it is very easy to start the Manjaro installer in EFI mode on a system supporting it.

To ensure a successful dual-boot on Windows 7 systems you must disable EFI in the firmware.

Example for Windows 7 Home Premium 64bit in a VBoxVM

The disklabel type is dos which tells us this is a MBR partition and thus the system is booting from BIOS.

[manjaro manjaro]# sudo fdisk -l
...
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x9ab5fdd2
...
Device     Boot  Start      End  Sectors  Size Id Type
/dev/sda1  *      2048   206847   204800  100M  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
/dev/sda2       206848 67106815 66899968 31.9G  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT

Firmware


The firmware is a crucial part of your system as it controls aspects on how the Linux kernel will interact with your the hardware. Some system firmware is setup in such a way that a Linux system does not recognize disk devices.

Firmware checklist for BIOS systems

  • :white_small_square: Use latest available firmware
  • :white_small_square: Disable EFI
  • :white_small_square: Disable RAID option
  • :white_small_square: Enable AHCI

Firmware checklist for EFI Systems

  • :white_small_square: Disable CSM (Legacy) boot
  • :white_small_square: Disable Secure Boot
  • :white_small_square: Enable AHCI
  • :white_small_square: Use latest available firmware
  • :white_small_square: Disable Optane Memory and Rapid Storage Technology (RST)
  • :white_small_square: Disable RAID option
  • :white_small_square: Disable Fast Boot (if unable to boot from USB)

Some systems require the user to set a firmware password before more advanced options becomes available.

Intel Optane Memory and Intel Rapid Storage Technology

Lately nvme devices has emerged labelled Intel Volume Management Device. These devices is a variation of Intel RST and requires the vmd module to be loaded for the OS to recognize it. As of October 2021 Manjaro has added support for the vmd module when required. (Discussion about vmd module inclusion (#1) · Issues · Packages / Core / mkinitcpio · GitLab)

Is Linux supported when using Intel® Optane™ memory for system acceleration?*

No, the accelerated SATA drive must be running Windows 10 64-bit to use the Intel® Rapid Storage Technology (Intel® RST) driver software. This enables the supported/validated method of using the Intel® Optane™ memory for acceleration of the most commonly used data. Using the device with other software for caching is is not supported or validated. - https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/articles/000024018/memory-and-storage/intel-optane-memory.html

BitLocker

:no_entry: : BitLocker encryption is not compatible with a Manjaro Linux installation.

Without any prior knowledge or hands-on experience with BitLocker - we have enough evidence to discourage dual booting a BitLocker environment.

One possible reason a BitLocker environment won’t boot could be that Secure Boot has to be disabled for the system to be able to boot Manjaro Linux.

If you depend on BitLocker - e.g. corporate requirement - don’t install Manjaro as you will have to disable BitLocker to be able to use both systems.

General Windows preparation


Filesystem check

Linux is picky when it comes the Windows filesystem. Any inconsistencies in the filesystem and Linux will mount the filesystem read-only. The Windows command to fix the file system is

chkdsk c: /F

System clock

Configure your Windows installation to use UTC.

Backup your documents

You can skip this but it is not recommended.
Backup any data you might want to keep to an external location of any kind.

Partition cleanup

If you have experimented a lot and/or had a failed installation and/or you have a messy partition scheme you will have to manually delete those extra partitions with the Windows Disk Manager tool. Be careful that you do not delete partitions required by Windows or by an OEM recovery tool.

Disk space

Use Windows disk tool to make room for a secondary Linux installation because Windows is the best tool to release space.

  1. So boot into Windows.
  2. Rightclick on Start → select Disk Manager
  3. In Disk Manager - rightclick on your Windows drive C: → select Shrink partition
  4. A reasonable size to release - depending on available space - would be 32768-65536 MiB (32-64GiB) or more.
  5. When you are ready click Shrink

When you are done you are ready for the Manjaro installation.

Clean your Windows system

If you are like most users, your system came with Windows and your system has since been upgraded to Windows 10 (which leaves the old system behind). Major version upgrades - like 1804 - also leaves the old system behind and therefore a tremendous amount of dead data on your system that needs to be cleaned.

  1. Open Windows Explorer File manager and select My Computer.
  2. Right click on you local drive C:Properties
  3. Click on Disk Cleanup button → wait
  4. Click on the Cleanup Systemfiles → wait
  5. check all items in the list (including the old Windows installation) → OK
  6. Wait → wait until finished.
  7. Close all windows

Windows 10 preparation


Disable Windows features

Do you plan on doing read/write on your Windows partition? Disable Windows options like

  • Fast Startup
  • Hybrid Sleep

Windows Hybrid Sleep defaults to enabled on desktop computers and disabled for laptop computers.

Why should I do that? When Windows uses the above options it leaves the file system in a dirty state. When the file system is in this state the Linux filesystem tool ntfs-3g mounts the file system read-only, effectively blocking you from making changes to your files on the Windows partition. To disable Windows Fast Startup you need to access the Windows Control Panel. You find it by clicking on Windows Start button → type control → select Control Panel desktop app.

In the Control Panel app

  1. Click on System and Security
  2. Click on Power Options
  3. Click on Choose what power buttons do
    a. Click on Change settings that are currently unavailable
    b. Uncheck the option Turn on fast startup
  4. Click on Save Changes

If for any reason you want to turn off hibernation completely

  • Open command prompt as Administrator
  • Input powercfg /h off and press Enter

Installation considerations


Some of the choices presented here can be argued and the following two points I would like to address beforehand.

Auto partitioning vs Manual partitioning

Some will argue that one should select the auto partition in the Disk preparation section of the installer.

The strategy described here ensures no messing with the Windows EFI partition and therefore no problems with Windows removing the Manjaro boot loader.

Separate root and /home

Separation of the system root and the home folder is not required but is another benefit of using manual partitioning.

The separation of your personal data from the system - using a designated partition for the system’s home folder makes it a bit easier to maintain your system. It is no secure replacement for a backup strategy it is just a handy solution should you decide to reinstall your system.

One pitfall here is making the root partition too small - using the recommended minimum size requires you to do regular system maintenance to avoid the system disk running full and thus making your system very hard to boot.

Depending on your available disk space your system root could be from 20-64GiB. The remaining is assigned to your personal data.

Swap size

Setting a swap partition is the better choice because a little swap is - in most cases - better than none.

The chosen size depends on your system, available RAM and disk type. Use the suggested size of 2 GiB or research and adjust accordingly to system, taste and need.

If you plan on using hibernation ensure the swap can hold system and graphics memory.

Manjaro installation


Now that you have partition sizes defined let start and the numbers are MB which is the unit Calamares makes use of

  1. Reboot your computer to the live USB media.
  2. Launch the graphical installer - it is named Calamares.
  3. Follow the guide until you reach the Disk selection/preparation
  4. Select Manual partitioningNext.
  5. Select the correct disk selected - should be easy to see.
  6. EFI PARTITION
    :warning: Skip if using BIOS/MBR
    Select the unpartitioned space → Create
    a. Size → input 512
    b. Filesystem → select FAT32
    c. Mountpoint → select /boot/efi
    d. Flags → check bootOK
  7. SWAP PARTITION
    Select the unpartitioned space → Create
    a. Size → input 2048
    b. Filesystem → select linuxswapOK
  8. ROOT PARTITION
    Select the unpartitioned space → Create
    a. Size → input 20480 (min. recommended size)
    b. Filesystem → select ext4
    c. Mountpoint → select / (root) → OK
  9. HOME PARTITION
    Select the unpartitioned space → Create
    a. Size → Use remaining
    b. Filesystem → select ext4
    c. Mountpoint → select /homeOK

:warning: Skip if using BIOS/MBR

  • Continue with the guide and when finished do not reboot.
  • Open a terminal
  • Input efibootmgrEnter
  • Verify the BootOrder - you should have a manjaro entry and the corresponding number should be first in the BootOrder

:warning: Skip if using BIOS/MBR

Oh No - It boots directly to Windows - What do I do?

:warning: Skip if using BIOS/MBR

Just boot to Windows.

  • Run CMD as Administrator
  • bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\Manjaro\grubx64.efi
  • Reboot

Revisions


  • Info on Intel RST - vmd module (2021-10-26)
  • Discourage dual-boot BitLocker enabled (2020-11-20)
  • Revision for Windows 7 (2020-11-10)
  • Revision for Calamares 3.2.22.r7667
  • Major revision (2020-03-13)
  • Initial guide July 2018
36 Likes

This worked for me.

sudo grub-install

after that I was able to go into the bios and select manjaro as the default efi boot device.

5 posts were split to a new topic: Can I use Linux partition (/home) from Windows

A post was split to a new topic: How can I install Windows after Manjaro

Why? Because it doesn’t work on Linux?

It is not supported at all on Linux - but if enabled - at least to my knowledge it will create problems - but I have not been able to verify - so kind of - better safe than sorry.

1 Like

A post was merged into an existing topic: Unable to locate Local disk D drive

3 posts were split to a new topic: How do I setup dual-boot with windows 7

This looks very useful, but I’m a bit stuck on the “Firmware checklist for EFI Systems” section. There are a number of directives there but no directions as to how they may be accomplished. I have a brand new Acer Spin 5 laptop. Looking in the BIOS I see that RAID is disabled, but Optane Memory is not. Searching for information about Optane Memory I find what appears to be an authoritative reference -

But this looks like a major low level intervention to me. I’m pausing at this point.

The implication of all this appears to me to be that I cannot just wipe the SDD drive and load linux, because there would be some kind of memory access problem. Has dual booting, or loading a straight Linux system really become this difficult?

Something to do with CTRL+S in BIOS. Read these comments on Acer community:

Thanks for the speedy response! I’ll jump on it very soon. Looks promising.

This is all accomplished with your systems firmware setup.

There is a lot of different systems - it is not possible to describe in details how you should navigate any given firmware.

Windows will work - as there no evidence to the contrary - even if you disable Intel Optane.

No - it is not difficult - but some major players are creating obstacles - some may say deliberately - to keep their eco system intact.


These documents are taken from topics on the now archived forum - posted by @Wollie and @c00ter

https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/articles/000024018/memory-and-storage/intel-optane-memory.html


These documents is how to install / activate RST / Optane - so reversing the settings should disable it - in theory - that is

https://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/support/articles/000023989/memory-and-storage/intel-optane-memory.html

https://www.intel.com/content/dam/support/us/en/documents/memory-and-storage/optane-memory/intel-optane-memory-user-installation.pdf

1 Like

Thank you so much for your quick response. I now have Manjaro installed, but a master key decryption lockout problem has arisen. I’m taking that to the appropriate forum. Thanks again for your detailed help.

Bitlocker?

To my knowledge Windows Bitlocker requires Secure Boot.

Manjaro do not support secure boot OOB so when disabling Secure Boot - BitLocker stops functioning.

You can read more on Secure Boot on the Archwiki using this link

Thanks so much for this guide! Long-time windows user thinking of changing to Linux here and thanks to your guide I finally made the jump.

However, after installation I had tremendous problems booting into Manjaro automatically even with @gohlip’s guide. The Manjaro boot partition was working but not showing up in the boot options in BIOS (UEFI). What solved the problem for me was flagging the boot partition with esp using gparted. Afterwards everything worked perfecty.
So, maybe it should read:

  • EFI PARTITION
    :information_source: Skip if using BIOS/MBR
    Select the unpartitioned space → Create
    a. Size → input 512
    b. Filesystem → select FAT32
    c. Mountpoint → select /boot/efi
    d. Flags → check bootOK
    e. Flags → check espOK
2 Likes

A post was split to a new topic: Dual Boot when system is BIOS/MBR

Very helpful
I’m impressed with the amount of effort and detail that has gone into this

It’s been a while since I’ve had to install

I must admit to just skimming this to find what I needed and forgetting the need to choose the uefi version of the installer. :see_no_evil:

Got there in the end though
Many thanks

2 Likes

Some parts has been added over time - but yes - it can be quite overwhelming.

1 Like

A post was split to a new topic: Issues with rEFInd

I followed the instructions but only windows kept booting.

The solution was to boot to manjaro with usb stick by entering the following grub commands:

grub> search.file /etc/manjaro-release  root
grub> configfile /boot/grub/grub.cfg

then i had to install gparted to change the efi partition’s flag to “boot” and “esp” (It was “legacy_bios” which weird because i checked the “boot” flag when installing).
Then I run these commands in the terminal:

sudo pacman -S grub
sudo grub-install /dev/sda
sudo update-grub

and voilà.

1 Like