[HowTo] Install Apache , MariaDB(Mysql),PHP (LAMP)

Difficulty: ★★☆☆☆

Tutorial by @abusultanw in the old forum : original link

This tutorial walk you through installing and configuring Apache, MySQL, PHP (LAMP) 2016.

LAMP is the the acronym of Linux, Apache, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Perl/Pyhton.
Tested on Manjaro Deepin 16.03 x32 and Arch Linux 2016 x64 server

  1. Update your system
    Run the following command as root user to update your Manjaro Linux:

    sudo pacman -Syyu
    
  2. Install Apache
    After updating the system, install Apache web server using command:

    sudo pacman -S apache
    

    Edit /the etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf file,

    sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
    

    Search and comment out the following line if it is not already:

    [...]
    # LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
    [...]
    

    Save an close the file.

    Enable Apache service to start at boot and restart Apache service using commands:

    sudo systemctl enable httpd
    sudo systemctl restart httpd
    

    You can verify whether Apache is running or not with command:

    sudo systemctl status httpd
    

    Sample output:

    httpd.service - Apache Web Server
    Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service; disabled; vendor
    preset: disabled)
    Active: active (running) since Tue 2016-02-16 13:00:18 IST; 7s ago
    Main PID: 1067 (httpd)
    Tasks: 82 (limit: 512)
    CGroup: /system.slice/httpd.service
    ├─1067 /usr/bin/httpd -k start -DFOREGROUND
    ├─1070 /usr/bin/httpd -k start -DFOREGROUND
    ├─1071 /usr/bin/httpd -k start -DFOREGROUND
    └─1072 /usr/bin/httpd -k start -DFOREGROUND
    Feb 16 13:00:18 server systemd[1]: `Started Apache Web Server.`
    Feb 16 13:00:18 server httpd[1067]: AH00558: httpd: Could not reliably
    dete...ge
    Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.
    
    Apache server is ready to use.
    

    Test Apache
    Let us create a sample page in the Apache root directory , i.e /srv/http.

    sudo nano /srv/http/index.html
    

    Add the following lines:

    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
    <head>
      <meta charset="UTF-8" />
      <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
      <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge" />
      <title>Welcome</title>
     </head>
    <body>
      <h2>Welcome to my Web Server test page</h2>
    </body>
    </html>
    

    Now, open your web browser and navigate to:

    • http://localhost
      OR
    • http://IP-address.
      You will be pleased with the Apache server Test page.
  3. Install MariaDB
    Run the following command to install MariaDB:

    sudo pacman -S mysql
    

    As you may know, MariaDB is now officially the default implementation of MySQL in Arch Linux since 2013. So, you will be asked whether to install MariaDB or Percona server, just hit enter and then type y and press enter again. The default selection i.e MariaDB will be installed on your Arch Linux.

    [root@server ~]# pacman -S mysql
    :: There are 2 providers available for mysql:
    :: Repository extra
    1) mariadb
    :: Repository community
    2) percona-server
    Enter a number (default=1): `## Press Enter`
    resolving dependencies...
    looking for conflicting packages...
    Packages (7) boost-libs-1.60.0-2 icu-56.1-2 jemalloc-4.0.4-1libmariadbclient-10.1.11-1 libxml2-2.9.3-1
    mariadb-clients-10.1.11-1 mariadb-10.1.11-1
    Total Download Size: 30.68 MiB
    Total Installed Size: 218.10 MiB
    :: Proceed with installation? [Y/n]
    

    You need to initialize the MariaDB data directory prior to starting the service. To do so, run:

    sudo mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql
    

    Then issue the following command to enable and start MariaDB service.

    sudo systemctl enable mysqld
    sudo systemctl start mysqld
    

    You can verify whether MariaDb is running or not using command:

    sudo systemctl status mysqld
    

    Sample output:

    mysqld.service - MariaDB database server
    Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service; disabled;
    vendor preset: disabled)
    Active: active (running) since Tue 2016-02-16 13:19:50 IST; 44s ago
    Process: 1406 ExecStartPost=/usr/bin/mysqld-post (code=exited,
    status=0/SUCCESS)
    Main PID: 1405 (mysqld)
    Tasks: 26 (limit: 512)
    CGroup: /system.slice/mysqld.service
    └─1405 /usr/bin/mysqld --pid-file=/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: 2016-02-16 13:19:49 139930931222400
    [N...a.
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: 2016-02-16 13:19:49 139930931222400
    [N...e.
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: 2016-02-16 13:19:49 139930931222400
    [N...rt
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: 2016-02-16 13:19:49 139930931222400
    [N...19
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: 2016-02-16 13:19:49 139930516817664
    [N...ed
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: 2016-02-16 13:19:49 139930931222400
    [N...d.
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: 2016-02-16 13:19:49 139930931222400
    [N...'.
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: 2016-02-16 13:19:49 139930931222400
    [N...s.
    Feb 16 13:19:49 server mysqld[1405]: Version: '10.1.11-MariaDB-log'
    socket...er
    Feb 16 13:19:50 server systemd[1]: `Started MariaDB database server.`
    Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.
    

    Setup MySQL/MariaDB root user password
    As you may know, It is recommended to setup a password for database root user.
    Run the following command to setup MariaDB root user password:

    sudo mysql_secure_installation
    

    Sample output:

    NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB
    SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
    In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
    password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and
    you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
    so you should just press enter here.
    Enter current password for root (enter for none): `## Press Enter`
    OK, successfully used password, moving on...
    Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
    root user without the proper authorisation.
    Set root password? [Y/n] `## Press Enter`
    New password: `## Enter password`
    Re-enter new password: `## Re-enter password`
    Password updated successfully!
    Reloading privilege tables..
    ... Success!
    
    By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
    to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
    them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
    go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
    production environment.
    Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] `## Press Enter`
    ... Success!
    
    Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
    ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
    Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] `## Press Enter`
    ... Success!
    
    By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
    access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
    before moving into a production environment.
    Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] `## Press Enter`
    - Dropping test database...
    ... Success!
    - Removing privileges on test database...
    ... Success!
    Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
    will take effect immediately.
    Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] `## Press Enter`
    ... Success!
    Cleaning up...
    All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
    installation should now be secure.
    Thanks for using MariaDB!
    
    MariaDB has been installed and ready to use.
    
  4. Install PHP
    To install PHP run:

    sudo pacman -S php php-apache
    

    After PHP is installed, we need to configure Apache PHP module.
    To do so, edit /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf file,

    sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
    

    Find the following line and comment it out:

    [...]
    #LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so
    [...]
    

    Uncomment or add the line:

    LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
    

    Then, add the following lines at the bottom:

    LoadModule php7_module modules/libphp7.so
    AddHandler php7-script php
    Include conf/extra/php7_module.conf
    

    Save and close the file.

    Test PHP
    Now create a test.php file in the Apache root directory.

    sudo nano /srv/http/test.php
    

    Add the following lines:

    <?php
    phpinfo();
    
    

    Restart the httpd service.

    sudo systemctl restart httpd
    

    Open up your web browser and navigate to http://ip-address/test.php .

  5. Install phpMyAdmin
    phpMyAdmin is a graphical MySQL/MariaDB administration tool that can be used to create, edit and delete databases.

    To install it, run:

    sudo pacman -S phpmyadmin
    

    After installing, edit php.ini file,

    sudo nano /etc/php/php.ini
    

    Make sure the following lines are uncommented.

    [...]
    extension=bz2
    extension=mysqli
    [...]
    

    Save and close the file.

    Next, create a configuration file for phpMyAdmin,

    sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
    

    Add the following lines:

    Alias /phpmyadmin "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin"
    <Directory "/usr/share/webapps/phpMyAdmin">
    DirectoryIndex index.php
    AllowOverride All
    Options FollowSymlinks
    Require all granted
    </Directory>
    

    Then, open Apache configuration file,

    sudo nano /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
    

    Add the following line at the end:

    Include conf/extra/phpmyadmin.conf
    

    Save and close the file.

    Restart the httpd service again.

    sudo systemctl restart httpd
    

    Test phpMyAdmin
    Open your browser and navigate to http://IP-Address/phpmyadmin .

    You might see an error that says “The configuration file now needs a secret passphrase
    (blowfish_secret)” at the bottom of phpMyAdmin dashboard.

    To get rid of this error, edit /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php file,

    sudo nano /etc/webapps/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php
    

    Find the following line and specify bluefish secret passphrase:

    $cfg['blowfish_secret'] = '`MyP@$S`'; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH!$ /**
    

    Save and close the file. Restart Apache service.

    sudo systemctl restart httpd
    

    The error will be gone now.

That’s all for now. At this stage, you have a working LAMP stack, and is ready to host your websites.
If you want to use Nginx instead of Apache web server, refer the following article.

[ I'll try to test it on Manjaro as soon as possible ]

Source: http://www.ostechnix.com/install-apache-mariadb-php-lamp-stack-on-arch-linux-2016/

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