I’ve tried running startx from the terminal with mixed results. Usually it returns an error, one time it froze the terminal and one time it worked. I’m not sure what the command does, I just executed the command from the thread (learned my lesson, won’t do it again), but after some reading it seems to be starting some X11 server. It did give me trouble at first so I ran it as sudo and that’s when it crashed my desktop.
Okay, I understand.
startx starts the X11 server which I assume is the display manager you are using. I don’t understand how that would start your install form freezing on every login though.
Do you know what the default display manager for your system is? Is it Wayland or X11? you can check by running
inxi -G and checking the output on the second line, after
Display. Could you post your output from that command here?
Of course the two might very well be unrelated, and the freeze completely coincidental, but I thought to at least mention it, it being the last thing I changed before the freeze.
Line two returns some hardware specs, but on line 4 it says
Display: x11 server: X.org 1.20.11. I’m assuming this is what you were looking for?
I just remembered making a change in the grub config file as well, removing the “quiet” keyword from the boot command. This I did in the same session as I launched startx, but I can’t imagine it having an impact on this.
I just happened to reach the desktop (after running a series of commands ending with startx), but I don’t think it’s consistent. It seems my system doesn’t like it when I manually start the displaymanager, and so I’ve struggled to get it back to normal. Is there a way to reset x11 to system defaults or anything similar?
Restoring your last system backup is going to be easier to do by this time.
If you don’t have one, please start making one right now.
Next step would be to create a new user in TTY2 and log in there and see if that has the same problem. If it doesn’t, shout out!
If is does, remove the plasma desktop entirely and reinstall, all from a TTY:
pamac --remove plasma-desktop reboot pamac --install plasma-desktop
If even that doesn’t work, remove the plasma-desktop with all its config files by adding
If even that doesn’t work:
- wipe everything
- restore your data backup
- make a new Cold System Backup.
Please excuse my ignorance, but how do I make a new login from tty2? It’s prompting me for login credentials, but I’m not sure how I can make new ones.
I do not have a backup, I’ll read the tutorial you posted. I know it’s stated the backup should be on a different drive, but as I only have two, whereas just one of them has free space, would a separate unmounted partition be sufficient? How big should this be?
Would removing the plasma desktop also wipe my saved data and settings?
Everything works after making a new user! How would I go about either fixing my old one, or giving the new one the exact same access as the first?
After pressing Ctrl+Alt+F2 and logging in there, execute:
nuddel2is obviously the new user name.
Verify that the new user has access to the same groups as your old one by executing groups and comparing the output of both users.
groups nuddel groups nuddel2
nuddelis your old user and
nuddel2is your new one.)
nuddelis a member of
usermod --append --groups operator nuddel2
- Ask one of your friends if they have an old HDD lying around and buy a 12€ SATA-USB converter. (they look ugly, but they’re dirt cheap).
- Buy an external USB HDD
Maybe… That’s why I told you to back up and why you should have backed up in the first place!
If you follow my instructions carefully, they won’t delete any user data in the above section, but looking at the situation you’re in, I’m not taking any responsibility for any mistakes you might make…
log into TTY2 as the new user (don’t forget the old user is borked)
Copy all data files from your old profile into your new one
cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps /home/nuddel/Documents/* /home/nuddel2/Documents/
If that worked and you had no errors, remove the documents from your old user:
rm --recursive /home/nuddel/Documents/*
- Templates, and everything else that is important to you.
- Linux games like Battle of Wesnoth have their game data stored under
After everything has been copied over, disable the old user so you cannot accidentally log on to it any more:
usermod --lock twitty
If you would have theming going on, don’t do everything in one day but do this at the rate of 1 application / theme / whatever per day and if the same issue crops up again, roll back your last change and thus you’ve now pinpointed the exact setting that made your old user misbehave.
in 1 month delete the entire home directory of your old user, but don’t delete the user itself so that in 6 months time, files still owned by that user will still show up under its username.
If you ever migrate to a new machine, just don’t migrate the old user: only the new one.
From now on, start making backups so you can roll back and never have to do this again:
I’m sorry for continuing to bother you, but I ran into an issue. As already mentioned, making a new account worked wonders. I’m in the process of copying the data, but ran into a problem. First of, the command didn’t work. I figured, no biggie, looked it up and removed the hyphen in time-stamps. Great, the command works. I tried running it with sudo rights, but it returns that
/home/myuser/Documents/* is no valid location. I tried replacing * with . which worked, but checking the contents of the
Documents, the folder is empty. I’m really at a loss here, any suggestions?
My apologies for the
stamps; that was a copy-paste error from my side.
I’ve just tried:
fab-user@fab-manjaro:~ cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps Documents/Admin/* /tmp/Admin/
and that just works and:
fab-root@fab-manjaro:~ $ sudo cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps /home/fab-user/Documents/Admin/* /tmp/Admin/
so can you give me the full output of the command together with the directory you’re standing in?
I’m sorry, shouldn’t the account both from and to which I’m copying be specified? I’m doing this from the TTY2 prompt logged in as the old user, though I suppose I could do it from the terminal on the new. What are these Admin and tmp directories? I trust it to be working, but out of curiosity; in the first command, where are the users specified? How does the system know to copy from nuddel1 to nuddel2? And where do you specify that the contents of nuddel1/Documents should be copied to nuddel2/Documents? Again, I trust they work, just curios as to how they’re composed
Stop using that one! It’s borked! Sorry for not mentioning this before, updated now
They are directories on my machine that allow me to test the exact command you need to be typing and the original is working on my machine, so you should follow the original solution and adapt it to your specific needs as you never gave me the exact old and new usernames, so I can only give you multiple examples.
- I used
nuddelas that’s what you took as a username here on the forum…
- If you: I can give you the exact command to type on your system.
I see, thank you. I ran both the commands (exactly as you wrote them) and this was the output:
[matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook ~]$ sudo cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps Documents/Admin/* /tmp/Admin/ cp: cannot stat 'Documents/Admin/*': No such file or directory [matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook ~]$ sudo cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps /home/fab-user/Documents/Admin/* /tmp/Admin/ cp: cannot stat '/home/fab-user/Documents/Admin/*': No such file or directory
Thank you for taking the time to help me.
My apologies for confusing you!
I can see you need to forget about the
Admin example and go back to the original and type this:
cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps /home/matts/Documents/* /home/mats2/Documents/
and then move onto
That’s what I tried at first, but this returned:
[matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook home]$ sudo cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps /home/matsb/Documents/* /home/matsb2/Documents/ [sudo] password for matsb2: cp: cannot stat '/home/matsb/Documents/*': No such file or directory
so if you did not verify and deleted already, then
is absolutely normal and why I said:
What is the output of:
du --human --max-depth=1 /home/matsb2/
I have not yet ran
rm --recursive /home/matsb/Documents/*
You have been a great help to me so naturally I’m nothing but thankful and I do not blame you for anything that happens. Your help is greatly appreciated. The command returned this:
[matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook /]$ du --human --max-depth=1 /home/matsb2/ 4,0K /home/matsb2/Templates 43M /home/matsb2/.mozilla 195M /home/matsb2/.cache 864K /home/matsb2/.local 1,4M /home/matsb2/.config 32K /home/matsb2/.kde4 4,0K /home/matsb2/Pictures 4,0K /home/matsb2/Documents 4,0K /home/matsb2/Public 8,0K /home/matsb2/Desktop 4,0K /home/matsb2/Music 4,0K /home/matsb2/Downloads 4,0K /home/matsb2/Videos 240M /home/matsb2/
I assume this is a way of checking the contents of a folder. If I run the same command, but for the old user, this is the output:
[matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook ~]$ sudo du --human --max-depth=1 /home/matsb/ [sudo] password for matsb2: 4,0K /home/matsb/Templates 210M /home/matsb/.vscode 8,0K /home/matsb/.oracle_jre_usage 47M /home/matsb/.mozilla 56K /home/matsb/.texlive 12K /home/matsb/Arduino 852M /home/matsb/.cache 1,6G /home/matsb/.local 1006M /home/matsb/.thunderbird 168K /home/matsb/.java 392M /home/matsb/.config 32K /home/matsb/.kde4 76K /home/matsb/.pki 12K /home/matsb/.gnome 16K /home/matsb/.steam 4,0K /home/matsb/Pictures 4,0K /home/matsb/Documents 4,0K /home/matsb/Public 24K /home/matsb/Desktop 12K /home/matsb/.arduino15 118M /home/matsb/.cpanm 408K /home/matsb/.lyx 264K /home/matsb/perl5 4,0K /home/matsb/Music 387M /home/matsb/Downloads 4,0K /home/matsb/Videos 4,6G /home/matsb/
Both seem to contain some folders. Every folder on the new user is empty, and I haven’t cleared any of the folders on the old user.
The Documents folder is empty on both users so I think it might be a bad example. If I try to copy a directory I know contains files, like the downloads folder, this is the result:
[matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook ~]$ sudo ls /home/matsb/Downloads/ arduino-1.8.15-linux64.tar.xz discord-0.0.15.tar.gz grub-customizer_5.1.0.tar.gz Simplenote-linux-2.15.0-x64.tar.gz yay-git yui.png [matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook ~]$ sudo cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps /home/matsb/Downloads/* /home/matsb2/Downloads/ cp: cannot stat '/home/matsb/Downloads/*': No such file or directory [matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook ~]$ sudo ls /home/matsb2/Downloads/ [matsb2@mats-hppavilionnotebook ~]$
OK, so in all the years I’ve been giving these commands to anyone, you’re the first one whose documents folder is empty (for
matsb that is, so indeed: that’s a normal error as 4.0 KB = just the directory name itself)
So skip that continue with:
/home/matsb/Desktop /home/matsb/perl5 /home/matsb/Ddownloads
I.E. for the first one:
cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps /home/matsb/Desktop/* /home/matsb2/Desktop/
I can also see that you have an enormous amount of data for the following hidden directory:
Are you still in need of that? (Firefox and Thunderbird etc are already in the original Solution)
I downloaded this system a few days ago so I haven’t had time to fill it up yet :P. I noticed the command
sudo cp --verbose --recursive --preserve=timestamps /home/matsb/Downloads/. /home/matsb2/Downloads/ did exactly what I wanted it to (I just replaced the asterisk * with a period .). Thank you a lot for all the help you’ve given me! Truly a lifesaver! Just a tiny note at the end, it wouldn’t be a problem to remove the
--verbose keyword in the command, right? Some directories contain a lot of files and they spam my terminal. No big problem, but I’d like not having to list the directories of the old user every time I need to check what’s left to copy. Thank you!
- If you have a backup? No, because the SPAM is just there for you to visually check that all files are copied before you delete them!
- If you don’t have a backup:
Like I said:
Therefore, you’ve caused me the most
grief work for such a simple thing! You’re lucky it’s a week-end, because during the week I don’t have time to do as much handholding as I’ve done today for a single user.
Therefore, now it’s time for me to give some work to you:
Read that! All of it!
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