In fact, I am even using a chromium development version compiled by my own, from source: 95.0.4621.4. Only thing I can think of is that it might be necessary to recompile against the updated harfbuzz packages.
At least for chromium-dev, you can also choose the browser to be built against a bundled harfbuzz version that ships with the browser’s sources.
I assume that this way, you will get independent of the harfbuzz version installed on your system.
Other option: Ditch chromium-dev for now as it has a few other problems compiling anyway, and use stock chromium which is currently in version 94.0.4606.61 and indeed, works with the harfbuzz versions recently updated.