USB boot menu options for refresh rate

I’ve built a new PC with an Intel i5-14600K CPU and ASUS Z790-Plus motherboard. There is no graphics card; it uses the built-in Intel UHD Graphics 770 graphics. I’m trying to install Manjaro Xfce from USB.

When I boot from the installation USB, the result is a fuzzy, off-color screen. It’s not readable, so I’ve reached a dead end. I suspect the refresh rate or some other graphics parameter is wrong. The only options I can see in the display settings are 59 or 60 Hz.

Is there something that can be added to the boot command line (perhaps after the “lang=US”) to try setting different refresh rates, etc?

Thanks for your help.

Sounds pretty much like a monitor/hardware issue… use another cable.

Allright, not readable, but you can read it… :ok:

https://wiki.archlinux.org/title/Kernel_mode_setting#Forcing_modes

You just built it using brand new hardware. First update your Bios and keep it updated for at least one year. This board with the 14th Gen Intel cpu is known to have vga issues, even in Win, see here.
If you want meaningful help provide your system info:
inxi -Fazy

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I tried booting a different live USB that I happened to have: Linux Mint Cinnamon. It’s old, but it boots to a perfectly readable and functional GUI. So I know the hardware - cables and monitor - are okay, and that booting into functional Linux is possible. Windows also works.

Well, it’s barely readable. I could navigate (stumble around) the start menu icons etc because of my familiarity with Manjaro on other system and the display settings including frequency are on a white background so they’re readable, though with some difficulty. I could also make out some text in terminal, with difficulty.

The link you supplied helps. I booted up the Linux Mint and with “inxi -Fza” I found the settings which produce good results in Mint. Based on that, I tried adding “HDMI-A-1:1920x1080@77”. No changes; the display is still fuzzy. I had to guess on the HDMI; there’s no VGA or DVI in the new system. Any more ideas?

Windows was installed and works good.

I’d like to copy and paste the inxi results here, but without a working OS I can’t copy, just write down some relevant info found when I booted an old Linux Mint USB that does work: “resolution:1920x1080~77Hz.”

Hi 6x12, here’s the output of inxi -Fza. Hope it helps.

mint@mint:~$ inxi -Fza
System:
  Kernel: 5.4.0-74-generic x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc v: 9.3.0 
  parameters: BOOT_IMAGE=/casper/vmlinuz file=/cdrom/preseed/linuxmint.seed 
  boot=casper iso-scan/filename= quiet splash -- 
  Desktop: Cinnamon 5.0.4 wm: muffin 5.0.1 dm: LightDM 1.30.0 
  Distro: Linux Mint 20.2 Uma base: Ubuntu 20.04 focal 
Machine:
  Type: Desktop System: ASUS product: N/A v: N/A serial: <filter> 
  Mobo: ASUSTeK model: TUF GAMING Z790-PLUS WIFI v: Rev 1.xx 
  serial: <filter> UEFI: American Megatrends v: 1402 date: 09/08/2023 
Battery:
  Device-1: hidpp_battery_0 model: Logitech Wireless Mouse serial: <filter> 
  charge: 50% (should be ignored) rechargeable: yes status: N/A 
  Device-2: hidpp_battery_1 model: Logitech Wireless Keyboard 
  serial: <filter> charge: 55% (should be ignored) rechargeable: yes 
  status: Discharging 
CPU:
  Topology: 10-Core model: Intel Core i5-14600K bits: 64 type: MT MCP 
  arch: N/A family: 6 model-id: B7 (183) stepping: 1 microcode: 11D 
  L2 cache: 24.0 MiB 
  flags: avx avx2 lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx 
  bogomips: 139776 
  Speed: 1091 MHz min/max: 800/6800 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 1100 2: 1100 
  3: 1100 4: 1100 5: 795 6: 795 7: 797 8: 795 9: 800 10: 800 11: 800 12: 800 
  13: 1102 14: 1100 15: 1100 16: 1100 17: 1100 18: 1008 19: 1100 20: 1100 
  Vulnerabilities: Type: itlb_multihit status: Not affected 
  Type: l1tf status: Not affected 
  Type: mds status: Not affected 
  Type: meltdown status: Not affected 
  Type: spec_store_bypass 
  mitigation: Speculative Store Bypass disabled via prctl and seccomp 
  Type: spectre_v1 
  mitigation: usercopy/swapgs barriers and __user pointer sanitization 
  Type: spectre_v2 mitigation: Enhanced IBRS, IBPB: conditional, RSB filling 
  Type: srbds status: Not affected 
  Type: tsx_async_abort status: Not affected 
Graphics:
  Device-1: Intel vendor: ASUSTeK driver: N/A bus ID: 00:02.0 
  chip ID: 8086:a780 
  Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.20.9 driver: fbdev unloaded: modesetting,vesa 
  resolution: 1920x1080~77Hz 
  OpenGL: renderer: llvmpipe (LLVM 11.0.0 256 bits) v: 4.5 Mesa 20.2.6 
  compat-v: 3.1 direct render: Yes 
Audio:
  Device-1: Intel vendor: ASUSTeK driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel 
  bus ID: 00:1f.3 chip ID: 8086:7a50 
  Sound Server: ALSA v: k5.4.0-74-generic 
Network:
  Device-1: Intel driver: N/A port: 6000 bus ID: 00:14.3 chip ID: 8086:7a70 
  Device-2: Intel vendor: ASUSTeK driver: N/A port: efa0 bus ID: 05:00.0 
  chip ID: 8086:125c 
Drives:
  Local Storage: total: 3.65 TiB used: 45.7 MiB (0.0%) 
  SMART Message: Required tool smartctl not installed. Check --recommends 
  ID-1: /dev/nvme0n1 vendor: Samsung model: SSD 980 PRO 1TB size: 931.51 GiB 
  block size: physical: 512 B logical: 512 B speed: 63.2 Gb/s lanes: 4 
  serial: <filter> rev: 5B2QGXA7 scheme: GPT 
  ID-2: /dev/sda vendor: Seagate model: ST2000DM008-2UB102 size: 1.82 TiB 
  block size: physical: 4096 B logical: 512 B speed: 6.0 Gb/s 
  rotation: 7200 rpm serial: <filter> rev: 0001 scheme: GPT 
  ID-3: /dev/sdb vendor: Western Digital model: WD10EURX-73FH1Y0 
  size: 931.51 GiB block size: physical: 4096 B logical: 512 B 
  speed: 6.0 Gb/s serial: <filter> rev: 1A01 scheme: MBR 
  ID-4: /dev/sdc type: USB vendor: Samsung model: UFD size: 7.55 GiB 
  block size: physical: 512 B logical: 512 B serial: <filter> rev: 1112 
  scheme: MBR 
RAID:
  Hardware-1: Intel Device driver: N/A v: N/A port: 6000 bus ID: 00:0e.0 
  chip ID: 8086.a77f rev: N/A 
Partition:
  ID-1: / raw size: N/A size: 15.56 GiB used: 18.6 MiB (0.1%) fs: overlay 
  source: ERR-102 
  ID-2: /var/log raw size: 5.53 GiB size: 5.38 GiB (97.30%) 
  used: 27.1 MiB (0.5%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sdc3 
  ID-3: swap-1 size: 5.52 GiB used: 0 KiB (0.0%) fs: swap 
  swappiness: 60 (default) cache pressure: 100 (default) dev: /dev/sdb5 
Sensors:
  System Temperatures: cpu: 27.0 C mobo: N/A 
  Fan Speeds (RPM): N/A 
Info:
  Processes: 361 Uptime: 1m Memory: 31.11 GiB used: 851.2 MiB (2.7%) 
  Init: systemd v: 245 runlevel: 5 Compilers: gcc: 9.3.0 alt: 9 Shell: bash 
  v: 5.0.17 running in: gnome-terminal inxi: 3.0.38

Even this Mint-distro is screwed up. network isn’t correctly detected and the graphics-driver is llvmpipe which indicates that it can’t be detected and uses a universal-driver similar to a safety-mode in ms-windows.
it’s totally scrap. check your manual for the correct bios settings first. redo your complete installation and use propietary divers for graphics at the installation menu.

It may be screwed up, but at least it has a graphics driver that works. If I could get Manjaro installed on the new computer I could tweak as necessary later.
The BIOS seems to be okay. It works for Windows 11.

Yeah agree.

@ScooterKraig The reason is simply that there is no driver for this GPU in linux54, you need at least linux517 and above: Intel Raptor Lake-S GT1 [UHD Graphics 770]

Yeah it works, but all rendering is done by the CPU, not the GPU. Because of llvmpipe renderer.

keep in mind that you boot into windows and disable and reset the “fast boot option” of windows which will screw up any correct hardware detection before installing a linux-distro ! and reset the bios to correct factory settings

Disabled fast boot and reset the bios. No change. Still won’t boot Manjaro from USB.

If I were to buy a graphics card instead of using the integrated Intel graphics, would you have any recommendations? Would NVIDIA or AMD be more likely to work?

how did you create the boot stick, what image-writer-application ?
check the boot-order at booting → read the mainboard-manual for it. usually it’s F-12 but depending on the manufacturer

Downloaded Manjaro Xfce using Windows, used Balena Etcher to create the USB stick.
Boot order can be changed by pressing F2 to get into BIOS setup. Changing the boot order is a drag-and-drop operation. There may be another way but I’m not aware of it yet. (ASUS TUF Gaming Z790-PLUS WIFI motherboard)

P.S. I also tried an old Radeon graphics board I had. Nothing at all with that.

It is not about the Intel GPU. Look, you showed us the inxi from Linux Mint, but with kernel v5.4 the driver for your current GPU is not included, so the fbdev driver was loaded.

In Manjaro something different happens. Share an inxi of Manjaro?

Honestly, I can’t imagine what you mean by “fuzzy and off-color”. Is it only on the monitor or also on a screenshot?

Could it be that your monitor is “3D Vision ready”? That could explain “fuzzy and off-color”.

Don’t quite know how to describe what the screen looks like. It looks a lot like old computers I’ve built where the video modes were incorrect and the color pixels were mixed up. If I knew how to share a photo of the screen…

Then please also the output of

inxi -v7azy

and read the EDID from the monitor:

pamac install base-devel --no-upgrade
pamac build edid-decode-git
find -L /sys/class/drm/ -maxdepth 2 -type f -iname "*edid" -exec sh -c 'echo "{}"' \; -exec edid-decode "{}" 2>/dev/null \;

and also a screenshot for clarification that it is not the GPU (driver). XFCE should have a screenshot tool.

Try a different monitor. Same problem?

It works with a different monitor! But this monitor is old and small (19" 1280x1024 60.02 Hz). :frowning: We’re getting somewhere! :slight_smile:

[manjaro@manjaro ~]$ inxi -v7azy
System:
  Kernel: 6.6.10-1-MANJARO arch: x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc v: 13.2.1
    clocksource: tsc available: acpi_pm
    parameters: BOOT_IMAGE=/boot/vmlinuz-x86_64 lang=en_US keytable=us tz=UTC
    misobasedir=manjaro misolabel=MANJARO_XFCE_2313 quiet
    systemd.show_status=1 splash apparmor=1 security=apparmor driver=free
    nouveau.modeset=1 i915.modeset=1 radeon.modeset=1
  Desktop: Xfce v: 4.18.1 tk: Gtk v: 3.24.36 info: xfce4-panel wm: xfwm
    v: 4.18.0 vt: 7 dm: LightDM v: 1.32.0 Distro: Manjaro Linux base: Arch Linux
Machine:
  Type: Desktop System: ASUS product: N/A v: N/A serial: <superuser required>
  Mobo: ASUSTeK model: TUF GAMING Z790-PLUS WIFI v: Rev 1.xx
    serial: <superuser required> UEFI: American Megatrends v: 1402
    date: 09/08/2023
Battery:
  Device-1: hidpp_battery_0 model: Logitech Wireless Mouse serial: <filter>
    charge: 5% (should be ignored) rechargeable: yes status: discharging
  Device-2: hidpp_battery_1 model: Logitech Wireless Keyboard
    serial: <filter> charge: 55% (should be ignored) rechargeable: yes
    status: discharging
Memory:
  System RAM: total: 32 GiB note: est. available: 31.09 GiB
    used: 1.73 GiB (5.6%)
  RAM Report: permissions: Unable to run dmidecode. Root privileges required.
CPU:
  Info: model: Intel Core i5-14600K bits: 64 type: MST AMCP arch: Raptor Lake
    gen: core 14 level: v3 note: check built: 2022+ process: Intel 7 (10nm)
    family: 6 model-id: 0xB7 (183) stepping: 1 microcode: 0x11D
  Topology: cpus: 1x cores: 14 mt: 6 tpc: 2 st: 8 threads: 20 smt: enabled
    cache: L1: 1.2 MiB desc: d-8x32 KiB, 6x48 KiB; i-6x32 KiB, 8x64 KiB
    L2: 20 MiB desc: 6x2 MiB, 2x4 MiB L3: 24 MiB desc: 1x24 MiB
  Speed (MHz): avg: 815 high: 1100 min/max: 800/5300:4000 scaling:
    driver: intel_pstate governor: powersave cores: 1: 800 2: 800 3: 800 4: 800
    5: 800 6: 800 7: 800 8: 800 9: 800 10: 800 11: 800 12: 1100 13: 800 14: 800
    15: 800 16: 800 17: 800 18: 800 19: 800 20: 800 bogomips: 139820
  Flags: 3dnowprefetch abm acpi adx aes aperfmperf apic arat
    arch_capabilities arch_lbr arch_perfmon art avx avx2 avx_vnni bmi1 bmi2
    bts clflush clflushopt clwb cmov constant_tsc cpuid cpuid_fault cx16 cx8
    de ds_cpl dtes64 dtherm dts epb ept ept_ad erms est f16c flexpriority
    flush_l1d fma fpu fsgsbase fsrm fxsr gfni hfi ht hwp hwp_act_window
    hwp_epp hwp_notify hwp_pkg_req ibpb ibrs ibrs_enhanced ibt ida intel_pt
    invpcid lahf_lm lm mca mce md_clear mmx monitor movbe movdir64b movdiri
    msr mtrr nonstop_tsc nopl nx ospke pae pat pbe pclmulqdq pconfig pdcm
    pdpe1gb pebs pge pku pln pni popcnt pse pse36 pts rdpid rdrand rdseed
    rdtscp rep_good sdbg sep serialize sha_ni smap smep smx split_lock_detect
    ss ssbd sse sse2 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 stibp syscall tm tm2 tme tpr_shadow
    tsc tsc_adjust tsc_deadline_timer tsc_known_freq umip user_shstk vaes vme
    vmx vnmi vpclmulqdq vpid waitpkg x2apic xgetbv1 xsave xsavec xsaveopt
    xsaves xtopology xtpr
  Vulnerabilities:
  Type: gather_data_sampling status: Not affected
  Type: itlb_multihit status: Not affected
  Type: l1tf status: Not affected
  Type: mds status: Not affected
  Type: meltdown status: Not affected
  Type: mmio_stale_data status: Not affected
  Type: retbleed status: Not affected
  Type: spec_rstack_overflow status: Not affected
  Type: spec_store_bypass mitigation: Speculative Store Bypass disabled via
    prctl
  Type: spectre_v1 mitigation: usercopy/swapgs barriers and __user pointer
    sanitization
  Type: spectre_v2 mitigation: Enhanced / Automatic IBRS, IBPB: conditional,
    RSB filling, PBRSB-eIBRS: SW sequence
  Type: srbds status: Not affected
  Type: tsx_async_abort status: Not affected
Graphics:
  Device-1: Intel Raptor Lake-S GT1 [UHD Graphics 770] vendor: ASUSTeK
    driver: i915 v: kernel arch: Gen-13 process: Intel 7 (10nm) built: 2022+
    ports: active: HDMI-A-2 empty: DP-1,HDMI-A-1 bus-ID: 00:02.0
    chip-ID: 8086:a780 class-ID: 0300
  Display: x11 server: X.org v: 1.21.1.10 compositor: xfwm v: 4.18.0 driver:
    X: loaded: modesetting alternate: fbdev,vesa dri: iris gpu: i915
    display-ID: :0.0 screens: 1
  Screen-1: 0 s-res: 1280x1024 s-size: <missing: xdpyinfo>
  Monitor-1: HDMI-A-2 mapped: HDMI-2 model: IBM L191p serial: <filter>
    built: 2005 res: 1280x1024 hz: 60 dpi: 86 gamma: 1.2
    size: 376x301mm (14.8x11.85") diag: 482mm (19") ratio: 5:4 modes:
    max: 1280x1024 min: 720x400
  API: EGL v: 1.5 hw: drv: intel iris platforms: device: 0 drv: iris
    device: 1 drv: swrast surfaceless: drv: iris x11: drv: iris
    inactive: gbm,wayland
  API: OpenGL v: 4.6 compat-v: 4.5 vendor: intel mesa v: 23.3.3-manjaro1.1
    glx-v: 1.4 direct-render: yes renderer: Mesa Intel Graphics (RPL-S)
    device-ID: 8086:a780 memory: 30.36 GiB unified: yes
Audio:
  Device-1: Intel vendor: ASUSTeK driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel
    alternate: snd_sof_pci_intel_tgl bus-ID: 00:1f.3 chip-ID: 8086:7a50
    class-ID: 0403
  API: ALSA v: k6.6.10-1-MANJARO status: kernel-api with: aoss
    type: oss-emulator tools: alsactl,alsamixer,amixer
  Server-1: JACK v: 1.9.22 status: off tools: N/A
  Server-2: PipeWire v: 1.0.0 status: active with: 1: pipewire-pulse
    status: active 2: wireplumber status: active 3: pipewire-alsa type: plugin
    tools: pactl,pw-cat,pw-cli,wpctl
Network:
  Device-1: Intel driver: iwlwifi v: kernel port: N/A bus-ID: 00:14.3
    chip-ID: 8086:7a70 class-ID: 0280
  IF: wlp0s20f3 state: down mac: <filter>
  Device-2: Intel Ethernet I226-V vendor: ASUSTeK driver: igc v: kernel pcie:
    gen: 2 speed: 5 GT/s lanes: 1 port: N/A bus-ID: 05:00.0 chip-ID: 8086:125c
    class-ID: 0200
  IF: eno1 state: up speed: 1000 Mbps duplex: full mac: <filter>
  IP v4: <filter> type: dynamic noprefixroute scope: global
    broadcast: <filter>
  IP v6: <filter> type: noprefixroute scope: link
  WAN IP: <filter>
Bluetooth:
  Device-1: Intel AX211 Bluetooth driver: btusb v: 0.8 type: USB rev: 2.0
    speed: 12 Mb/s lanes: 1 mode: 1.1 bus-ID: 1-14:4 chip-ID: 8087:0033
    class-ID: e001
  Report: rfkill ID: hci0 rfk-id: 0 state: up address: see --recommends
Logical:
  Message: No logical block device data found.
RAID:
  Hardware-1: Intel Volume Management Device NVMe RAID Controller Intel
    driver: vmd v: 0.6 port: N/A bus-ID: 00:0e.0 chip-ID: 8086:a77f rev:
    class-ID: 0104
Drives:
  Local Storage: total: 3.67 TiB used: 0 KiB (0.0%)
  SMART Message: Unable to run smartctl. Root privileges required.
  ID-1: /dev/nvme0n1 maj-min: 259:0 vendor: Samsung model: SSD 980 PRO 1TB
    size: 931.51 GiB block-size: physical: 512 B logical: 512 B speed: 63.2 Gb/s
    lanes: 4 tech: SSD serial: <filter> fw-rev: 5B2QGXA7 temp: 33.9 C
    scheme: GPT
  ID-2: /dev/sda maj-min: 8:0 vendor: Seagate model: ST2000DM008-2UB102
    size: 1.82 TiB block-size: physical: 4096 B logical: 512 B speed: 6.0 Gb/s
    tech: HDD rpm: 7200 serial: <filter> fw-rev: 0001 scheme: GPT
  ID-3: /dev/sdb maj-min: 8:16 vendor: Western Digital
    model: WD10EURX-73FH1Y0 size: 931.51 GiB block-size: physical: 4096 B
    logical: 512 B speed: 6.0 Gb/s tech: N/A serial: <filter> fw-rev: 1A01
    scheme: MBR
  ID-4: /dev/sdc maj-min: 8:32 vendor: Kingston model: DataTraveler 3.0
    size: 28.87 GiB block-size: physical: 512 B logical: 512 B type: USB rev: 3.2
    spd: 5 Gb/s lanes: 1 mode: 3.2 gen-1x1 tech: N/A serial: <filter>
    fw-rev: 0000 scheme: MBR
  SMART Message: Unknown USB bridge. Flash drive/Unsupported enclosure?
  Message: No optical or floppy data found.
Partition:
  Message: No partition data found.
Swap:
  Alert: No swap data was found.
Unmounted:
  ID-1: /dev/nvme0n1p1 maj-min: 259:1 size: 100 MiB fs: vfat label: N/A
    uuid: C2D5-247D
  ID-2: /dev/nvme0n1p2 maj-min: 259:2 size: 16 MiB fs: <superuser required>
    label: N/A uuid: N/A
  ID-3: /dev/nvme0n1p3 maj-min: 259:3 size: 484.01 GiB fs: ntfs label: N/A
    uuid: 7AC4D6DAC4D69829
  ID-4: /dev/nvme0n1p4 maj-min: 259:4 size: 625 MiB fs: ntfs label: N/A
    uuid: 96A26D7DA26D632B
  ID-5: /dev/nvme0n1p5 maj-min: 259:5 size: 446.78 GiB fs: ext4
    label: Manjaro uuid: c8d3d901-2e02-40d6-8180-5f26d11a791e
  ID-6: /dev/sda1 maj-min: 8:1 size: 16 MiB fs: <superuser required>
    label: N/A uuid: N/A
  ID-7: /dev/sda2 maj-min: 8:2 size: 1.82 TiB fs: ntfs
    label: Windows 2TB Data uuid: A47449737449496E
  ID-8: /dev/sdb1 maj-min: 8:17 size: 9.31 GiB fs: ext4 label: N/A
    uuid: c92d4d1c-bdd6-4b10-9a10-a19d7b7c1d4f
  ID-9: /dev/sdb2 maj-min: 8:18 size: 1 KiB fs: <superuser required>
    label: N/A uuid: N/A
  ID-10: /dev/sdb5 maj-min: 8:21 size: 5.52 GiB fs: swap label: N/A
    uuid: 24ae6c12-9d0a-4a0c-84aa-9156d2c85f31
  ID-11: /dev/sdb6 maj-min: 8:22 size: 916.68 GiB fs: ext3 label: N/A
    uuid: 1db7db9c-86ff-4541-b09b-0236b9b7c9e5
  ID-12: /dev/sdc1 maj-min: 8:33 size: 3.52 GiB fs: iso9660
  ID-13: /dev/sdc2 maj-min: 8:34 size: 4 MiB fs: vfat label: MISO_EFI
    uuid: AC16-6392
USB:
  Hub-1: 1-0:1 info: hi-speed hub with single TT ports: 16 rev: 2.0
    speed: 480 Mb/s (57.2 MiB/s) lanes: 1 mode: 2.0 chip-ID: 1d6b:0002
    class-ID: 0900
  Device-1: 1-2:2 info: ASUSTek AURA LED Controller type: HID
    driver: hid-generic,usbhid interfaces: 2 rev: 2.0 speed: 12 Mb/s (1.4 MiB/s)
    lanes: 1 mode: 1.1 power: 16mA chip-ID: 0b05:19af class-ID: 0300
    serial: <filter>
  Hub-2: 1-6:3 info: ASMedia ASM1074 High-Speed hub ports: 4 rev: 2.1
    speed: 480 Mb/s (57.2 MiB/s) lanes: 1 mode: 2.0 power: 100mA
    chip-ID: 174c:2074 class-ID: 0900
  Device-1: 1-6.4:5 info: Logitech Unifying Receiver type: keyboard,mouse
    driver: logitech-djreceiver,usbhid interfaces: 2 rev: 2.0
    speed: 12 Mb/s (1.4 MiB/s) lanes: 1 mode: 1.1 power: 98mA
    chip-ID: 046d:c534 class-ID: 0301
  Device-2: 1-14:4 info: Intel AX211 Bluetooth type: bluetooth driver: btusb
    interfaces: 2 rev: 2.0 speed: 12 Mb/s (1.4 MiB/s) lanes: 1 mode: 1.1
    power: 100mA chip-ID: 8087:0033 class-ID: e001
  Hub-3: 2-0:1 info: super-speed hub ports: 9 rev: 3.1
    speed: 20 Gb/s (2.33 GiB/s) lanes: 2 mode: 3.2 gen-2x2 chip-ID: 1d6b:0003
    class-ID: 0900
  Device-1: 2-7:2 info: Kingston DataTraveler 100 G3/G4/SE9 G2/50 Kyson
    type: mass storage driver: usb-storage interfaces: 1 rev: 3.2
    speed: 5 Gb/s (596.0 MiB/s) lanes: 1 mode: 3.2 gen-1x1 power: 144mA
    chip-ID: 0951:1666 class-ID: 0806 serial: <filter>
  Hub-4: 2-9:3 info: ASMedia ASM1074 SuperSpeed hub ports: 4 rev: 3.0
    speed: 5 Gb/s (596.0 MiB/s) lanes: 1 mode: 3.2 gen-1x1 power: 8mA
    chip-ID: 174c:3074 class-ID: 0900
Sensors:
  System Temperatures: cpu: 27.0 C mobo: N/A
  Fan Speeds (rpm): N/A
Info:
  Processes: 390 Uptime: 3m wakeups: 0 Init: systemd v: 255 default: graphical
  tool: systemctl Compilers: gcc: 13.2.1 clang: 16.0.6 Packages: pm: pacman
  pkgs: 1159 libs: 321 tools: pamac pm: flatpak pkgs: 0 Shell: Bash v: 5.2.21
  running-in: xfce4-terminal inxi: 3.3.31

Now can you tell me, why an old 19 inch monitor works and a newer 23" monitor gives me this grief? Is it the driver? Do I have to wait for new drivers for the Intel CPU with integrated graphics? If I were to get a new 27" monitor, are there any specs I should look for?

Thanks!

It is the monitor. Uncommon specs probably? You didn’t share the decoded EDID. It looks to me that the monitor itself scales down/up automatically; usually a TV (not a monitor) would do that. For example TVs can have an input of 1920x1080, but the view-port is at about 1368x768. That would result in a blurry screen. Acceptable for movies, but not for a desktop.

Maybe try disable modesetting. So instead of i915.modeset=1, you need to set i915.modeset=0. Modesetting reads the modes from the monitor. Without it will be calculated entirely by specification.

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