Extern drive not recognized

I got recently two external USB 3.0 hdd drive, which are not accessible in any way.
They show up at the bios, when i connect them straight via scsi-cable, but dont work after booting. I can connect/ disconnect them via USB, it shows up at inxi, but i can not access them with fdisk or gparted.
It gives the error “no matching device or no matching adress found”

I did connect them Windows 7(!), it recognize it, format it after a while with exFat and its there and accessible. But with Linux it still does not show up.

What is the difference there, that an old Windows system can automatically integrate newer hardware, but Linux can not do that.

The brand from the drive is an "Caraele 2.5 hdd 1TB.
Inside seems is a Samsung or Seagate ST1000LM024 with an Puya P25D21H 2Mbit EEPROM and a Initio inic3639PN chip.

I have now one USB-hdd, what is formated under Windows with exFat and one untouched.
Is there a way, that they can be found with Linux, before i do another try by formating it with NTFS.

Inxi -Db

  Host: oli Kernel: 5.15.12-1-MANJARO x86_64 bits: 64 Desktop: Xfce 4.16.0
    Distro: Manjaro Linux
  Type: Desktop Mobo: Gigabyte model: GA-890GPA-UD3H serial: N/A
    BIOS: Award v: FF date: 11/24/2010
  Info: 6-core AMD Phenom II X6 1090T [MCP] speed (MHz): avg: 1333
    min/max: 800/3200
  Device-1: NVIDIA GM206 [GeForce GTX 960] driver: nvidia v: 470.94
  Device-2: Logitech type: USB driver: snd-usb-audio,uvcvideo
  Display: server: X.Org driver: loaded: nvidia
    resolution: 1920x1080~60Hz
  OpenGL: renderer: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 960/PCIe/SSE2
    v: 4.6.0 NVIDIA 470.94
  Device-1: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet
    driver: r8169
  Local Storage: total: 2.05 TiB used: 536 GiB (25.6%)
  ID-1: /dev/sda vendor: Seagate model: ST31000524AS size: 931.51 GiB
  ID-2: /dev/sdb vendor: Samsung model: SSD 840 EVO 250GB
    size: 232.89 GiB
  ID-3: /dev/sdc type: USB vendor: Seagate model: ST1000LM024
    size: 931.51 GiB
  Processes: 244 Uptime: 10m Memory: 15.62 GiB used: 3.07 GiB (19.7%)
  Shell: Bash inxi: 3.3.11

After some more research about this whole thing, it looks like, it is a scam.
They seems have manipulated Firmware, what tricks Windows to believe, its a 1 TB HDD and mounted it on a smaller drive.
Like they did already at some NVIDIA-video-cards. Taking old models, mount new electronic, or fishy electronic, what reports something else, and sell them cheaper as the origin cards.
Someone reports, that he could copy some 200GB on it but thats it.
They are not worth to bother more.

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