What is causing "could not fully load metadata for package XXX"

Hi guys,

kind of out of the blue I have had a problem with the message “could not fully load metadata for package xkeyboard-config-2.41-1” when trying to “pamac update” and therefore the update aborting with an error.
I could solve this with the “touch” command like suggested in different posts on this forum, for example:

Since some of the topics, that revolved around this error, suggest that there must have been a problem during a previous update, I was thinking, what might have caused the trouble for me. But I don’t remember any problem while updating in the last months. So I was wondering, what could have caused this? Is there even a way to find out, or is it mere speculation? Since everything is working now, its nothing urgent, but I thought it won’t hurt to actually search and understand the root of the problem. Any ideas appreciated!

Locally cached package /var/lib/pacman/local/xkeyboard-config-2.41-1 was probably corrupted

If this was a current issue, I would suggest:

[Solved] “Load metadata for package” errors - Arch Linux Forums

try deleting the broken directory… …and then force-reinstalling the package

Issue was probably resolved when xkeyboard-config 2.42-1 released
Manjaro 2024-07-01 Stable Update