Distance between icons and flags

In order not to create multiple topics I will ask two questions:

  1. How do I make the keyboard layout indicator in gnome not with letters like “us” or “ru”, but put country flags in their place?
  2. How do I change the distance between the icons on the right side in the dash to panel?
    Снимок экрана от 2021-05-27 01-38-35

It depends on the theme used, but the Status Area Horizontal Spacing extension can make adjustments.

here is the system information
“Dash to Panel” and Arc Menu
icons “candy-icons”
everything else is by default